Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan 

Current Affairs Save

Programs and Policies  ->  Government Programmes and Schemes

Topic :  GS Paper 2 - Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

Samagra Shiksha – a holistic approach towards the school education sector. It will be extended from pre-school to class 12. It will help to improve school effectiveness measured in terms of equal opportunities for schooling and equitable learning outcomes.

It subsumes three Schemes:

  • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA),
  • Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)
  • Teacher Education (TE)

Major Points of Scheme:

  • It will be Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
  • The fund sharing pattern for the scheme between Centre and States is at present in the ratio of 90:10 for the 8 North-Eastern States and 3 Himalayan States and rest 60:40 for all other States and Union Territories with Legislature.
  • The main emphasis of the SSA is on improving quality of school education by focusing on the two T’s – Teacher and Technology.
  • It will enable the SCERT to become the nodal agency for conduct and monitoring of all in-service training programes to make it need-focused and dynamic.
  • It will also be incentivizing states—there will be performance-linked grants—to work towards certain goals identified by the Centre, including improving learning outcomes and rationalizing teacher redeployment.

Major Aims of the Scheme are

  • Provision of quality education and enhancing learning outcomes of students;
  • Bridging Social and Gender Gaps in School Education;
  • Ensuring equity and inclusion at all levels of school education; Ensuring minimum standards in schooling provisions;
  • Promoting Vocationalisation of education;
  • Support States in implementation of Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009;
  • Strengthening and up-gradation of SCERTs/State Institutes of Education and DIET as nodal agencies for teacher training.