Samagra Shiksha – a holistic approach towards the school education sector. It will be extended from pre-school to class 12. It will help to improve school effectiveness measured in terms of equal opportunities for schooling and equitable learning outcomes.
It subsumes three Schemes:
- Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA),
- Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)
- Teacher Education (TE)
Major Points of Scheme:
- It will be Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
- The fund sharing pattern for the scheme between Centre and States is at present in the ratio of 90:10 for the 8 North-Eastern States and 3 Himalayan States and rest 60:40 for all other States and Union Territories with Legislature.
- The main emphasis of the SSA is on improving quality of school education by focusing on the two T’s – Teacher and Technology.
- It will enable the SCERT to become the nodal agency for conduct and monitoring of all in-service training programes to make it need-focused and dynamic.
- It will also be incentivizing states—there will be performance-linked grants—to work towards certain goals identified by the Centre, including improving learning outcomes and rationalizing teacher redeployment.
Major Aims of the Scheme are
- Provision of quality education and enhancing learning outcomes of students;
- Bridging Social and Gender Gaps in School Education;
- Ensuring equity and inclusion at all levels of school education; Ensuring minimum standards in schooling provisions;
- Promoting Vocationalisation of education;
- Support States in implementation of Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009;
- Strengthening and up-gradation of SCERTs/State Institutes of Education and DIET as nodal agencies for teacher training.