Maternal Mortality Ratio-MMR 

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Health Issues  ->  Health & Safety

Topic :  GS Paper 2 - Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education,Human Resources.

What is MMR?

The Maternal Mortality Ratio is a key performance indicator for efforts to improve the health and safety of mothers before, during, and after childbirth per country worldwide. Often referred to as MMR, it is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes).


Recent Update:

  • The latest Sample Registration System (SRS) data indicating the Maternal Mortality Ratio(MMR) reduce from 167 to 130.
  • SRS divided states into 3 categories-
  1. “Empowered Action Group” (EAG) — Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh/Uttarakhand and Assam;
  2. “Southern States” — Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu;
  3. “Others” — the remaining States and union territories.
  • Three States have already achieved the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal of MMR 70-Kerala (46), Maharashtra (61) and Tamil Nadu (67).
  • Highest reduction shown by Empowered Action Group” (EAG) that is 23% from 246 to 188.