Public Administration Optional Test series 2016
Public Administration is one of the most popular optional subjects in the civil services examination. As a subject it is useful not only to succeed in the civil services examination but successful candidates continue their association with this subject as they study it in training and use its concepts and knowledge in practical field.
Why to choose Public Administration?
The basic reason lies in the interdisciplinary nature and non-technical content of the subject matter. The subject has a lot of practical significance and this makes it more interesting and understandable even to those students, who are completely new in the field of Public Administration. At the same time every candidate has some basic knowledge of “what administrative system is”.
There are various reasons which influenced the selection of Public Administration as an optional subject.
The syllabus of the paper 2 of the Public Administration yllabus, so a candidate was able to answer most of the questions in paper 2 if he is thorough with basics of current developments related to Indian polity and administration.
An aspirant has added advantage because he is able to tackle both – a part of paper 1 of General Studies and Public Administration paper 2 simultaneously.
Most of the syllabus related to paper 2 is in news almost daily, as it is concerned with Indian administration, so by reading newspapers daily an aspirant can develop familiarity/expertise in the subject.
Public Administration is one of the subjects in which candidates from a variety of backgrounds ranging from doctors to engineers and arts graduates are comfortable with.
Methodology for studying Public Administration
As far as the syllabus for the Main Examination is concerned, it is divided into two parts. Paper I deals with Administrative Theories while Paper II focuses on Indian Administration. The advantage of Public Administration over the other optionals is that most of Indian Administration has close proximity to Indian Polity in General Studies Paper I. The foundation is similar for both Indian Polity and Indian Administration, i.e. Indian Constitution.
Paper – I deals with Administrative Theories and the relevant material include the following:
For the first chapter i.e. Introduction to the Study of Public Administration, the basic books are Public Administration by Avasthi and Maheswari, Sadhana and Sharma and Fadia and Fadia. Candidates can follow either of the above books. Apart from them, New Horizons of Public Administration by Mohit Bhattacharya is extremely important for Paper – I. As far as the Theories of Administration is concerned, Administrative Thinkers by Prasad and Prasad provide deep understanding and in-depth analysis.
For Comparative and Development Administra- tion, Comparative Public Administration by R K Arora is the best material. For Financial Administration, apart from regular books, one should have deep understanding about the working of Indian Economy and in this regard Economic Survey by the Government of India. Added to that, some chapters in Indian Economy by Dutt and Sundaram are also important.
The paper-I syllabus of the Public Administration contains core areas/specialized areas of the Public Administration like public policy, financial administration, comparative and development administration, theories of administration, etc. apart from the origin and development of the Public Administration as a discipline.
Questions asked from these areas include
I. How did the traditional Public Administration “resolve the fundamentally irresolvable problem- creating an administration strong enough to be effective but not so strong enough to endanger accountability”?
II. Public Administration in the neo-liberal era is government less by instruments of internal accountability and more by those of external accountability. Elaborate.
III. Discuss the view that “tribunals should have the same degree of independence from the Executive as that enjoyed by the Supreme Court and High Courts, especially for those tribunals that look over the functions of High Courts.”
IV. Critically examine the conflict resolution according to M.P. Follet. Explain how McGregor took forward her ideas in complex organizations.
V. In the evolution of Public Administration as a discipline of Public Administration, Minnow Brook Conferences 1, 2 and 3 reflect the disciplines, re-conceptualization and the changing values. Elucidate.