Strengthening ‘SAWEN’ 

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Ecology & Environment  ->  Environmental Institutions

Topic :  GS Paper 3 - Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

Why in News?

  • The first ever meeting of SAWEN – the South Asia Wildlife Enforcement Network – was held in India from May 8-10.

What is SAWEN?

  • It is an inter-governmental wildlife law enforcement agency.
  • It was launched in 2011 in Bhutan.
  • The statute of SAWEN was adopted by Indian government in 2016.
  • SAWEN combats illegal wildlife trade by promoting regional cooperation.
  • Its objective is to strengthen wildlife law enforcement to combat wildlife crime through communication, coordination, collaboration, capacity building and cooperation among member countries.
  • Members of the agency
  • India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Meeting’s Outcome

  • Member countries agreed upon strengthening the body to combat wildlife crime by having an operational framework.

India’s Role

  • India is the source country of smuggling of wildlife in the region.
  • They are smuggled to South East Asia and China.
  • Most smuggled wildlife items in the region are leopard bones and skin, rhino horns, pangolin scales and birds.